Vulnerability Analysis

Slither – Static Analyzer For Solidity

Slither - Static Analyzer For Solidity

Slither is a Solidity static analysis framework written in Python 3. It runs a suite of vulnerability detectors, prints visual information about contract details, and provides an API to easily write custom analyses. Slither enables developers to find vulnerabilities, enhance their code comphrehension, and quickly prototype custom analyses.

Features
  • Detects vulnerable Solidity code with low false positives
  • Identifies where the error condition occurs in the source code
  • Easy integration into continuous integration pipelines
  • Built-in ‘printers’ quickly report crucial contract information
  • Detector API to write custom analyses in Python
  • Ability to analyze contracts written with Solidity >= 0.4
  • Intermediate representation (SlithIR) enables simple, high-precision analyses

Usage

$ slither tests/uninitialized.sol # argument can be file, folder or glob, be sure to quote the argument when using a glob
[..]
INFO:Detectors:Uninitialized state variables in tests/uninitialized.sol, Contract: Uninitialized, Vars: destination, Used in ['transfer']
[..]

If Slither is run on a directory, it will run on every .sol file of the directory. All vulnerability checks are run by default.

Configuration

  • --solc SOLC: Path to solc (default ‘solc’)
  • --solc-args SOLC_ARGS: Add custom solc arguments. SOLC_ARGS can contain multiple arguments
  • --disable-solc-warnings: Do not print solc warnings
  • --solc-ast: Use the solc AST file as input (solc file.sol --ast-json > file.ast.json)
  • --json FILE: Export results as JSON
  • --exclude-name: Excludes the detector name from analysis

Printers

  • --printer-summary: Print a summary of the contracts
  • --printer-quick-summary: Print a quick summary of the contracts
  • --printer-inheritance: Print the inheritance relations
  • --printer-inheritance-graph: Print the inheritance graph in a file
  • --printer-vars-and-auth: Print the variables written and the check on msg.sender of each function

Checks available
By default, all the checks are run. Use –detect-name-of-check to run one check at a time.

NumCheckWhat it DetectsImpactConfidence
1suicidalSuicidal functionsHighHigh
2uninitialized-stateUninitialized state variablesHighHigh
3uninitialized-storageUninitialized storage variablesHighHigh
4arbitrary-sendFunctions that send ether to an arbitrary destinationHighMedium
5reentrancyReentrancy vulnerabilitiesHighMedium
6locked-etherContracts that lock etherMediumHigh
7tx-originDangerous usage of tx.originMediumMedium
8assemblyAssembly usageInformationalHigh
9const-candidates-stateState variables that could be declared constantInformationalHigh
10low-level-callsLow level callsInformationalHigh
11naming-conventionConformance to Solidity naming conventionsInformationalHigh
12pragmaIf different pragma directives are usedInformationalHigh
13solc-versionIf an old version of Solidity used (<0.4.23)InformationalHigh
14unused-stateUnused state variablesInformationalHigh

Contact to get access to additional detectors.

How to install
Slither requires Python 3.6+ and solc, the Solidity compiler.

Using Pip

$ pip install slither-analyzer

Using Git

$ git clone https://github.com/trailofbits/slither.git && cd slither
$ python setup.py install 

About the author

Icarus

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