Information Gathering

Mihari – A Helper To Run OSINT Queries & Manage Results Continuously

Mihari - A Helper To Run OSINT Queries & Manage Results Continuously

 

Mihari is a helper to run queries & manage results continuously. Mihari can be used for C2, landing page and phishing hunting.

How it works

  • Mihari makes a query against Shodan, Censys, VirusTotal, SecurityTrails, etc. and extracts artifacts (IP addresses, domains, URLs and hashes) from the results.
  • Mihari checks whether a DB (SQLite3 or PostgreSQL) contains the artifacts or not.
    • If it doesn’t contain the artifacts:
      • Mihari creates an alert on TheHive. (Optional)
      • Mihari sends a notification to Slack. (Optional)
      • Mihari creates an event on MISP. (Optional)


Screenshots

  • TheHive alert example

 

  • Slack notification example

 

  • MISP event example

Requirements

  • Ruby 2.6+
  • SQLite3
  • libpq
# For Debian / Ubuntu
apt-get install sqlite3 libsqlite3-dev libpq-dev

Installation

gem install mihari

Or you can use this tool with Docker.

docker pull ninoseki/mihari

Basic usage
Mihari supports the following services by default.

$ mihari
Commands:
  mihari alerts                               # Show the alerts on TheHive
  mihari binaryedge [QUERY]                   # BinaryEdge host search by a query
  mihari censys [QUERY]                       # Censys IPv4 search by a query
  mihari circl [DOMAIN|SHA1]                  # CIRCL passive DNS/SSL lookup by a domain or SHA1 certificate fingerprint
  mihari crtsh [QUERY]                        # crt.sh search by a query
  mihari dnpedia [QUERY]                      # DNPedia domain search by a query
  mihari dnstwister [DOMAIN]                  # dnstwister lookup by a domain
  mihari free_text [TEXT]                     # Cross search with search engines by a free text
  mihari help [COMMAND]                       # Describe available commands or one specific command
  mihari http_hash                            # Cross search with search engines by a hash of an HTTP response (SHA256, MD5 and MurmurH   ash3)
  mihari import_from_json                     # Give a JSON input via STDIN
  mihari onyphe [QUERY]                       # Onyphe datascan search by a query
  mihari otx [IP|DOMAIN]                      # OTX lookup by an IP or domain
  mihari passive_dns [IP|DOMAIN]              # Cross search with passive DNS services by an ip or domain
  mihari passive_ssl [SHA1]                   # Cross search with passive SSL services by an SHA1 certificate fingerprint
  mihari passivetotal [IP|DOMAIN|EMAIL|SHA1]  # PassiveTotal lookup by an ip, domain, email or SHA1 certificate fingerprint
  mihari pulsedive [IP|DOMAIN]                # Pulsedive lookup by an ip or domain
  mihari reverse_whois [EMAIL]                # Cross search with reverse whois services by an email
  mihari securitytrails [IP|DOMAIN|EMAIL]     # SecurityTrails lookup by an ip, domain or    email
  mihari securitytrails_domain_feed [REGEXP]  # SecurityTrails new domain feed search by a regexp
  mihari shodan [QUERY]                       # Shodan host search by a query
  mihari ssh_fingerprint [FINGERPRINT]        # Cross search with search engines by an SSH fingerprint (e.g. dc:14:de:8e:d7:c1:15:43:23:82:25:81:d2:59:e8:c0)
  mihari status                               # Show the current configuration status
  mihari urlscan [QUERY]                      # urlscan search by a given query
  mihari virustotal [IP|DOMAIN]               # VirusTotal resolutions lookup by an ip or domain
  mihari zoomeye [QUERY]                      # ZoomEye search by a query

Options:
[–config=CONFIG] # path to config file

Cross searches
Mihari has cross search features. A cross search is a search across a number of services.
You can get aggregated results by using the following commands.

Command Desc.
passive_dns Passive DNS lookup with CIRCL passive DNS, OTX, PassiveTotal, Pulsedive, SecurityTrails and VirusTotal
passive_ssl Passive SSL lookup with CIRCL passive SSL and PassiveTotal
reverse_whois Revese Whois lookup with PassiveTotal and SecurityTrails
http_hash HTTP response hash lookup with BinaryEdge(SHA256), Censys(SHA256), Onyphpe(MD5) and Shodan(MurmurHash3)
free_text Free text lookup with BinaryEdge and Censys
ssh_fingerprint SSH fingerprint lookup with BinaryEdge and Shodan

http_hash command
The usage of http_hash command is a little bit tricky.

$ mihari help http_hash
Usage:
  mihari http_hash

Options:
[–title=TITLE] # title
[–description=DESCRIPTION] # description
[–tags=one two three] # tags
[–md5=MD5] # MD5 hash
[–sha256=SHA256] # SHA256 hash
[–mmh3=N] # MurmurHash3 hash

Cross search with search engines by a hash of an HTTP response (SHA256, MD5 and MurmurHash3)

There are 2 ways to use this command.
First one is passing --md5, --sha256 and --mmh3 parameters.

mihari http_hash --md5=881191f7736b5b8cfad5959ca99d2a51 --sha256=b064187ebdc51721708ad98cd89dacc346017cb0fb0457d530032d387f1ff20e --mmh3=-1467534799

Another one is passing --html parameter. In this case, hashes of an HTML file are automatically calculated.

wget http://example.com -O /tmp/index.html
mihari http_hash --html /tmp/index.html

Example usages

# Censys lookup for PANDA C2
mihari censys '("PANDA" AND "SMAdmin" AND "layui")' --title "PANDA C2"

# VirusTotal passive DNS lookup of a FAKESPY host
mihari virustotal “jppost-hi.top” –title “FAKESPY passive DNS”

# You can pass a “defanged” indicator as an input
mihari virustotal “jppost-hi[.]top” –title “FAKESPY passive DNS”

Import from JSON

echo '{ "title": "test", "description": "test", "artifacts": ["1.1.1.1", "github.com", "2.2.2.2"] }' | mihari import_from_json

The input is a JSON data should have title, description and artifacts key. tags key is an optional parameter.

{
  "title": "test",
  "description": "test",
  "artifacts": ["1.1.1.1", "github.com"],
  "tags": ["test"]
}
Key Desc. Required or optional
title A title of an alert Required
description A description of an alert Required
artifacts An array of artifacts (supported data types: ip, domain, url, email, hash) Required
tags An array of tags Optional

Configuration
Configuration can be done via environment variables or a YAML file.

Key Description Default
DATABASE A path to the SQLite database or a DB URL (e.g. postgres://postgres:[email protected]:5432/somedb) mihari.db
BINARYEDGE_API_KEY BinaryEdge API key
CENSYS_ID Censys API ID
CENSYS_SECRET Censys secret
CIRCL_PASSIVE_PASSWORD CIRCL passive DNS/SSL password
CIRCL_PASSIVE_USERNAME CIRCL passive DNS/SSL username
MISP_API_ENDPOINT MISP URL
MISP_API_KEY MISP API key
ONYPHE_API_KEY Onyphe API key
OTX_API_KEY OTX API key
PASSIVETOTAL_API_KEY PassiveTotal API key
PASSIVETOTAL_USERNAME PassiveTotal username
PULSEDIVE_API_KEY Pulsedive API key
SECURITYTRAILS_API_KEY SecurityTrails API key
SHODAN_API_KEY Shodan API key
SLACK_CHANNEL Slack channel name #general
SLACK_WEBHOOK_URL Slack Webhook URL
THEHIVE_API_ENDPOINT TheHive URL
THEHIVE_API_KEY TheHive API key
VIRUSTOTAL_API_KEY VirusTotal API key
ZOOMEYE_PASSWORD ZoomEye password
ZOOMEYE_USERNAMME ZoomEye username

Instead of using environment variables, you can use a YAML file for configuration.

mihari virustotal 1.1.1.1 --config /path/to/yaml.yml

The YAML file should be a YAML hash like below:

database: /tmp/mihari.db
thehive_api_endpoint: https://localhost
thehive_api_key: foo
virustotal_api_key: foo

You can check the configuration status via status command.

mihari status

How to create a custom script
Create a class which extends Mihari::Analyzers::Base and implements the following methods.

Name Desc. @return Required or optional
#title A title of an alert String Required
#description A description of an alert String Required
#artifacts An array of artifacts (supported data types: ip, domain, url, email, hash) Array Required
#tags An array of tags Array Optional
require "mihari"

module Mihari
module Analyzers
class Example < Base
def title
“example”
end

def description
“example”
end

def artifacts
[“9.9.9.9”, “example.com”] end

def tags
[“example”] end
end
end
end

example = Mihari::Analyzers::Example.new
example.run

See /examples for more.

Using it with Docker

$ docker run --rm ninoseki/mihari
# Note that you should pass configurations via environment variables
$ docker run --rm ninoseki/mihari -e THEHIVE_API_ENDPOINT="http://THEHIVE_URL" -e THEHIVE_API_KEY="API KEY" mihari
# or
$ docker run --rm ninoseki/mihari --env-file ~/.mihari.env mihari


About the author

Mazen

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